You can also find my papers on my Google Scholar profile. I am happy to share preprints of any papers you can’t find here, please send me an email.

For posters on the analysis of Twitter conversations, see also this separate page.

I've supervised and collected a set of cool student projects on computational approaches to QUDs, it can be found on GitHub.

We maintain the public Zotero library on "Linguistics of Emojis". You can suggest additions via a form linked from the Zotero group page.


Scheffler, Tatjana. Two-dimensional Semantics. Clausal Adjuncts and Complements. Berlin, Boston: De Gruyter Mouton, 2013. [BibTex] [more info] Thoroughly revised version of my 2008 dissertation.


Md. Mahmud Uz Zaman, Stefan Schaffer and Tatjana Scheffler. Comparing BERT with an intent based question answering setup for open-ended questions in the museum domain. Proceedings of the 32. Konferenz Elektronische Sprachsignalverarbeitung, Online/Berlin, Germany, 2021.

Md. Mahmud Uz Zaman, Stefan Schaffer and Tatjana Scheffler. Factoid and Open-Ended Question Answering with BERT in the Museum Domain. In Proceedings of Qurator, Online/Berlin, Germany, 2021.

Anne Deremetz and Tatjana Scheffler. Die Retribalisierung der Gesellschaft? Transformationen von Twitter-Diskursen zu #DSGVO im Zeitverlauf. Zeitschrift für Kultur- und Kollektivwissenschaft 6(2), 2020. doi:

Tatjana Scheffler. Book review of Beißwenger/Pappert (2019) "Handeln mit Emojis: Grundriss einer Linguistik kleiner Bildzeichen in der WhatsApp-Kommunikation". Journal for Media Linguistics 3(1), 2020. doi:

Luca Bevacqua and Tatjana Scheffler. Form Variation of Pronominal It-Clefts in Written English. Linguistics Vanguard 6(1), 2020. doi:

Yulia Clausen and Tatjana Scheffler. Commitments in German Tag Questions: An Experimental Study. In Proceedings of SemDial, Brandeis University, Waltham, MA, USA, 2020.

Yulia Clausen and Tatjana Scheffler. A corpus-based analysis of meaning variations in German tag questions: Evidence from spoken and written conversational corpora. Corpus Linguistics and Linguistic Theory, Published online Feb. 20, 2020. doi:10.1515/cllt-2019-0060

Manfred Stede, Tatjana Scheffler, and Amália Mendes. Connective-lex: A web-based multilingual lexical resource for connectives. Discours, 2019.

Berfin Aktaş, Tatjana Scheffler, and Manfred Stede. Coreference in English OntoNotes: Properties and Genre Differences. In Proceedings of the 21st International Conference on Text, Speech and Dialogue, LNAI, Springer, 2019.

Philipp Sadler, Tatjana Scheffler, and David Schlangen. Can Neural Image Captioning be Controlled via Forced Attention? In Proceedings of INLG, Tokio, Japan. 2019.

Luise Schricker and Tatjana Scheffler. Ranking of Potential Questions. In Proceedings of the 2019 Conference of the Association for Computational Linguistics: Student Research Workshop, Florence, Italy. 2019.

Tatjana Scheffler, Berfin Aktaş, Debopam Das, Manfred Stede. Annotating Shallow Discourse Relations in Twitter Conversations. In Proceedings of DISRPT, workshop at NAACL, Minneapolis, USA. 2019.

Rebekah Cramerus and Tatjana Scheffler. Team Kit Kittredge at SemEval-2019 Task 4. In Proceedings of SemEval, workshop at NAACL, Minneapolis, USA. 2019.

Tatjana Scheffler, Erik Haegert, Santichai Pornavalai, and Mino Lee Sasse. Feature explorations for hate speech classification. In Proceedings of the GermEval Shared Task 2018, Konvens, Vienna, Austria. 2018.

Debopam Das, Tatjana Scheffler, Peter Bourgonje, and Manfred Stede. Constructing a Lexicon of English Discourse Connectives. In Proceedings of the 19th Annual SIGdial Meeting on Discourse and Dialogue, pp. 360-365. 2018.

Berfin Aktaş, Tatjana Scheffler, and Manfred Stede. Anaphora resolution for Twitter conversations: an exploratory study. In: Proceedings of the Workshop on Computational Models of Reference, Anaphora, and Coreference, CRAC@HLT-NAACL 2018. New Orleans, USA, June 2018. (Some numbers in Table 4 are corrected from the version published in the CRAC 2018 WS Proceedings).

Tatjana Scheffler, Manfred Stede, Peter Bourgonje, and Felix Dombek. A multilingual database of connectives: In Ho-Dac & Muller (eds.): Cross-Linguistic Discourse Annotation: applications and perspectives, pp. 144-150. 2018.

Tatjana Scheffler. Conversations on Twitter. In: D. Fišer/M. Beißwenger, Investigating Computer-Mediated Communication: Corpus-Based Approaches To Language In The Digital World, Ljubljana: University Press. ISBN 978-961-237-950-6. 2017.

Tatjana Scheffler. Root infinitives on Twitter. Snippets, Vol. 31. June, 2017.

Cornelius Puschmann and Tatjana Scheffler. Topic modeling for media and communication research: A short primer. HIIG Discussion Paper Series, No. 2016-05. doi: 10.2139/ssrn.2836478. 2016.

Tatjana Scheffler and Manfred Stede. Mapping PDTB-style connective annotation to RST-style discourse annotation. In: Proceedings of Konvens, Bochum, Germany. 2016.

Tatjana Scheffler and Manfred Stede. Realizing argumentative coherence relations in German: A contrastive study of newspaper editorials and Twitter posts. In: Proceedings of the COMMA Workshop "Foundations of the Language of Argumentation", Potsdam, Germany. 2016.

Stephan Oepen, Jonathon Read, Tatjana Scheffler, Uladzimir Sidarenka, Manfred Stede, Erik Velldal, Lilja Øvrelid. OPT: Oslo–Potsdam–Teesside. Pipelining Rules, Rankers, and Classifier Ensembles for Shallow Discourse Parsing. In: Proceedings of the CoNLL-16 Shared Task, Berlin, Germany. 2016. [slides]

Tatjana Scheffler and Christopher CM Kyba. Measuring Social Jetlag in Twitter Data. In: Proceedings of the Tenth International AAAI Conference on Web and Social Media (ICWSM 2016), AAAI, Köln, Germany. 2016. [poster]

Tatjana Scheffler and Manfred Stede. Adding Semantic Relations to a Large-Coverage Connective Lexicon of German. In: Proceedings of LREC, Portorož, Slovenia. 2016.

Tatjana Scheffler and Elina Zarisheva. Dialog Act Recognition for Twitter Conversations. In: Proceedings of the Workshop on Normalisation and Analysis of Social Media Texts (NormSoMe), pages 31-38, collocated with LREC, Portorož, Slovenia. 2016.

Johannes Gontrum and Tatjana Scheffler. Text-based Geolocation of German Tweets. In: Proceedings of the NLP4CMC 2015 Workshop at GSCL, Duisburg-Essen, Germany. 2015. [pdf]

Elina Zarisheva and Tatjana Scheffler. Dialog Act Annotation for Twitter Conversations. In: Proceedings of the SIGDIAL 2015 Conference, pages 114–123, Prague, Czech Republic, 2-4 September 2015.

Tatjana Scheffler, Johannes Gontrum, Matthias Wegel, and Steve Wendler. Mapping German Tweets to Geographic Regions. In: Proceedings of the NLP4CMC Workshop at Konvens, Hildesheim, Germany. 2014. [pdf]

Tatjana Scheffler. A German Twitter Snapshot. In: Proceedings of LREC, Reykjavik, Iceland. 2014. [Link to corpus]

Uladzimir Sidarenka, Tatjana Scheffler, and Manfred Stede. Rule-Based Normalization of German Twitter Messages. In Proceedings of the International Conference of the German Society for Computational Linguistics and Language Technology, GSCL, Darmstadt, Germany. 2013.

Benjamin Weiss, Tatjana Scheffler, and Sebastian Möller. Describing Multimodal Human-Computer Interaction. In: Proc. Workshop at NordiCHI: Assessing Multimodal Interaction (aMMi), Copenhagen, Denmark, pp. 33-36. 2012.

Tatjana Scheffler, Rafael Schirru, and Paul Lehmann. Matching Points of Interest from Different Social Networking Sites. In: B. Glimm, A. Krüger, eds., KI 2012: Advances in Artificial Intelligence. German Conference on Artificial Intelligence (KI-2012), Saarbrücken, Germany, LNAI, Springer. 2012.

Tatjana Scheffler, Roland Roller, Florian Kretzschmar, Sebastian Möller, and Norbert Reithinger. Natural vs. Synthesized Speech in Spoken Dialog Systems Research - Comparing the Performance of Recognition Results. In: Proceedings der 10. ITG Fachtagung Sprachkommunikation, Braunschweig, Germany. 2012.

Tatjana Scheffler, Roland Roller, and Norbert Reithinger. SpeechEval: A Domain-Independent User Simulation Platform for Spoken Dialog System Evaluation. In: R. L.- C. Delgado; T. Kobayashi, eds., Proceedings of the Paralinguistic Information and its Integration in Spoken Dialogue Systems Workshop. International Workshop On Spoken Dialogue Systems Technology (IWSDS-11), Granada, Spain, pp. 295-300, Springer. 2011.

Roland Roller, Tatjana Scheffler, and Norbert Reithinger. Human-Machine Corpus Analysis for Generation and Interaction with Spoken Dialog Systems. In: J. Bach; S. Edelkamp, eds., KI 2011: Advances in Artificial Intelligence. German Conference on Artificial Intelligence (KI-2011), Berlin, Germany, pp. 272-276, LNAI 7006, Springer. 2011.

Jana Götze, Tatjana Scheffler, Robert Roller, and Norbert Reithinger. User Simulation for the Evaluation of Bus Information Systems. In: Proceedings of 2010 IEEE Workshop on Spoken Language Technology. IEEE Workshop on Spoken Language Technology (SLT-2010), December 12-15, Berkeley, CA, United States, Pages 454-459, IEEE, 2010.

S. Möller, R. Schleicher, D. Butenkov, K.-P. Engelbrecht, F. Gödde, T. Scheffler, R. Roller, and N. Reithinger. Usability Engineering for Spoken Dialog Systems via Statistical User Models. In First International Workshop on Spoken Dialogue Systems Technology (IWSDS-2009), Kloster Irsee, Germany, 2009. [.pdf]

Tatjana Scheffler, Roland Roller and Norbert Reithinger. Semi-Automatic Creation of Resources for Spoken Dialog Systems. In B. Mertsching, M. Hund, and Z. Aziz, eds., KI 2009: Advances in Artificial Intelligence, 32nd Annual Conference on Artificial Intelligence, Paderborn, Germany, pp. 209-216, LNAI 5803, Springer, 2009. [.pdf]

Tatjana Scheffler, Roland Roller and Norbert Reithinger. SpeechEval - Evaluating Spoken Dialog Systems by User Simulation. In A. Jönsson, J. Alexandersson, D. Traum, and I. Zukerman, eds., Proceedings of the 6th IJCAI Workshop on Knowledge and Reasoning in Practical Dialog Systems, Pasadena, CA, pp. 93-98, 2009. [.pdf]

Tatjana Scheffler. Evidentiality and German Attitude Verbs. In Proceedings of the 32nd Annual Penn Linguistics Colloquium, Penn Working Papers in Linguistics 15.1, Philadelphia, PA, 2009. [.pdf]

David Chiang and Tatjana Scheffler. Flexible Composition and Delayed Tree-Locality. In Proceedings of TAG+9, Tübingen, Germany, 2008. [.pdf]

Tatjana Scheffler. Relevance Conditionals as Utterance Modifying Adverbials. In O. Bonami and P. Cabredo Hofherr, eds., Empirical Issues in Syntax and Semantics 7:373-392, 2007. [.pdf]

Tatjana Scheffler. Rule Ordering: A Look at Quantifier Scope and Coordination in GTS. In A.-V. Pietarinen (ed.) Game Theory and Linguistic Meaning, Current Research in the Semantics/Pragmatic Interface 18, Elsevier. 2007.

Neville Ryant and Tatjana Scheffler. Binding of Anaphors in LTAG. In Proceedings of TAG+8, Sydney, Australia, 2006.

Alexandra Kinyon, Owen Rambow, Tatjana Scheffler, Sinwon Yoon, and Aravind K. Joshi. The Metagrammar Goes Multilingual: A Crosslinguistic Look at the V2-Phenomenon. In Proceedings of TAG+8, Sydney, Australia, 2006.

Tatjana Scheffler. Syntax and Semantics of Causal denn in German. In Proceedings of the 15th Amsterdam Colloquium, Amsterdam, Netherlands, 2005. [.pdf]

Tatjana Scheffler. Semantic reconstruction of how many-questions in LTAG. In Proceedings of TAG+7, Vancouver, Canada, 2004. [.pdf]

Laura Kallmeyer and Tatjana Scheffler. LTAG analysis for pied-piping and stranding of wh-phrases. In Proceedings of TAG+7, Vancouver, Canada, 2004. [.pdf]


Semantic Operators in Different Dimensions Ph.D. dissertation, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, USA, 2008. [more info]

A Semantics Interface and Syntactic Realizer for TAG. Master's Thesis (Diplom), University of the Saarland, Saarbrücken, Germany, 2003. [.ps.gz], [.pdf], [BibTex]


R. Schleicher, N. Reithinger, S. Möller, K.-P. Engelbrecht, F. Gödde, D. Butenkov, T. Scheffler and R. Roller. Automated evaluation of the usability of a speech dialogue system. European Patent Office, EU patent no. 2287835. 23. Mai 2012.

Posters (without proceedings)

Tatjana Scheffler and Hannah Seemann. Individual Linguistic Variability in Social Media. Presented at the Third Digital Humanities Day, RUB, January 14-15, 2021. doi:

Berfin Aktaş, Yulia Clausen, Tatjana Scheffler, Manfred Stede. Diskursstrategien in sozialen Medien. Jahrestagung des IDS: Deutsch in Sozialen Medien. Interaktiv – multimodal – vielfältig. 2019.

Tatjana Scheffler, Rike Schlüter, Manfred Stede. Discourse Structuring Devices on Twitter. Presented at the COST TextLink Second Action Conference, Budapest, Hungary, April 11-14, 2016. [.pdf]

Tatjana Scheffler. Deutsche Twitterdaten - Korpuserstellung und Analyse. Presented at the DGfS-CL Postersession, Jahrestagung der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Sprachwissenschaft, Universität Potsdam, Germany, March 14, 2013. [.pdf]

Tatjana Scheffler and Joel C. Wallenberg. Formalizing Construction Grammar in TAG. Presented at the 3rd International Conference on Construction Grammar (ICCG3), Marseille, France, July 2004. [abstract] [poster]

Edited volumes

Marco Kuhlmann and Tatjana Scheffler (Eds.) Proceedings of the 13th International Workshop on Tree Adjoining Grammars and Related Formalisms. Association for Computational Linguistics, Umeå, Sweden, 2017.

Pietro Baroni, Thomas F. Gordon, Tatjana Scheffler, Manfred Stede (Eds.) Computational Models of Argument: Proceedings of COMMA 2016. Frontiers in Artificial Intelligence and Applications, Vol. 287. IOS Press, 2016.

Tatjana Scheffler, Joshua Tauberer, Aviad Eilam, and Laia Mayol (Eds.) Proceedings of the 30th Annual Penn Linguistics Colloquium. Penn Working Papers in Linguistics, Vol. 13.1, Philadelphia, PA, 2007.

Aviad Eilam, Tatjana Scheffler, and Joshua Tauberer (Eds.) Proceedings of the 29th Annual Penn Linguistics Colloquium. Penn Working Papers in Linguistics, Vol. 12.1, Philadelphia, PA, 2006.

Sudha Arunachalam, Tatjana Scheffler, Sandhya Sundaresan, and Joshua Tauberer (Eds.) Proceedings of the 28th Annual Penn Linguistics Colloquium. Penn Working Papers in Linguistics, Vol. 11.1, Philadelphia, PA, 2005.

Sudha Arunachalam, Tatjana Scheffler (Eds.) Proceedings of the 27th Annual Penn Linguistics Colloquium. Penn Working Papers in Linguistics, Vol. 10.1, Philadelphia, PA, 2004.

Tatjana Scheffler, Christian Pietsch (Eds.) Proceedings der 29. Studentischen Tagung Sprachwissenschaft. Logos-Verlag, Berlin, 2001.

Unpublished manuscripts

2005 and earlier